Articulation & Phonology
The production of speech sounds.
Speech may be less intelligible when a
child deletes sounds, adds sounds,
changes sounds, or substitutes one
sound for another.
Apraxia of Speech
A motor speech disorder in which
children have problems sequencing
sounds, syllables, and words due to
difficulty planning movements
of the articulators.
The smoothness, rate, and effort
perceived in connected speech.
The most common fluency
disorder is stuttering.
The ability to understand others’
messages, evidenced through
answering questions, and
The ability to create messages that
will be understood by others,
requiring use of appropriate
vocabulary, grammar, and
The understanding and use
of appropriate social
An explicit and dynamic
understanding of the sound
structure of words. This skill is
highly predictive of success with
reading and spelling.
Reading & Spelling
The application of skills related to
recognition, comprehension, and
representation of written words.
Treatment incorporates Lindamood-
Bell and Barton methodology.
The ability to perceive, encode,
organize, recall, and use information
that is presented auditorily.